Religious Buildings

During the construction of Roman pagan temples architects used the existing experience of the Balkan and Italian theory construction. Along the shores of the Tiber River is preserved temple of the goddess of fate Virilis. It was built in the third century BC. Oe. on Forum Bulls famous, a place which has traded at the time the bulls.

Structure, which differs perfect size, stands on a high podium, stage, and unique architecture with seven porticus colonnades provide the unique beauty of physical appearance. The bearing axle design emphasizes the expressive gallery original portico. This architectural technique used earlier for the Babylonian buildings. The walls are built with stacked the use of rock elements colonnade made of thick limestone rocks of the Adriatic. This volcanic rock lined the podium.

The difference in the rock is completely hidden with a thin layer of plaster. Architects have always used to improve the appearance of buildings Greek ordinal system. In the sacred building of Fortune elongated Doric columns provide the basis for the foundation of the portico, while the decorative colonnade visually shared wall structure. Philosophical rhythm of columns provides the unity of the exterior design. Next to the temple of Fortune was built round an architectural ensemble dedicated to the god of hearth Vesta. Now historians believe that this temple of the legendary Hercules. The temple was built from a unique Ionic marble from Paros territory. Its composition is characterized by an unprecedented simplicity and perfection. Unimaginable height of structures with Ionic inclusions give the small sanctuary of magnificence. Initial overlap structure has been lost, and the temple is covered with a rounded design directly on the ends of the columns. Ionic order, implemented in This sanctuary quickly becomes a priority in the Roman building. Greek Temple of Athena sets the fashion and the direction of Roman architecture. Center of business and political life of Italy was the forum, area, Located between the hills of the Capitol and the Palatine. There occurred civilian gatherings, during which they discussed the major policy issues. At this point, for centuries had a place to be a stormy political life Rome. In the square were built building of government archives, churches, stadiums, which took place commercial transactions and sat on the judge, there existed the sacred statues of great men and triumphal statues Italic kings. Near the top of the forum took the main path of the Roman Republic, arranged for him the main streets of Rome. The famous ancient city was built jumps. In the I century BC. Oe. it's 150 feet long and 50 up to 70 m in width. Around it are arranged public buildings and porticoes, the appearance of which is often altered. Work at the end of XIX – XX century revealed the ruins of buildings. Among them, towering eight marble bas-reliefs of the temple of Saturn, in which was the state treasury, the ruins of the chapel of Caesar, the temple of the goddess Vesta, oval, and three marble columns of the Temple of Saturn children. Glory to the Romans the art of construction and the achievements of the original application ranneitaliyskogo art contributed to the development of the concept of architecture. In the first century BC. Oe. creator and architect Vitruvius created the job 'work on the construction of ten', which was a detailed encyclopedia of the building practice at the time. For more information, see 'The Art of the Roman Republic' on

Comments are closed.